Radiographer: Job Description, Duties and Requirements

Oct 20, 2021

To pursue a career as a radiographer, it is necessary to have a certificate or associate's degree, or a bachelor's degree in radiography and sonography. Radiographers are also required to be licensed by the state, and certification is optional but recommended.

Essential Information

Radiographers, also known as radiologic technologists, are certified technicians who capture images of organs, bone, and tissue for patient diagnosis. Radiographers are equipped with the technological skills to handle imaging equipment and the interpersonal skills necessary for patient care. Educational and licensure requirements vary by state and profession, though completion of a certificate or 2-year degree program is common for radiologic technologists.

Required Education Certificate or associate's degree in radiologic technology or radiology; bachelor's degrees available in radiography and sonography
Licensing and Certification Licensure, testing, and experience requirements vary by state; voluntary certification available through the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists or the American Registry of Diagnostic Medical Sonographers
Projected Job Growth (2019-2029)* 7% for radiologic technologists
Median Salary (2020)* $61,900 for radiologic technologists

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Job Description of a Radiographer

Radiology technicians, technologists, and sonographers fall within the broad scope of a radiography profession. Using radiation in the form of x-rays, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound, radiographers assess, diagnose, and treat patients for a variety of injuries and diseases. Often part of a medical or surgical team, radiographers are typically involved in initial patient evaluation and testing, providing diagnostic and evidentiary data for physicians.

Duties of a Radiographer

Radiology technicians (RT) and technologists (RTL) are generally responsible for preparing and safely positioning patients in order to get the most accurate images. Tasks for a radiology tech may range from assisting a radiologist with advanced preparation and testing to administrative tasks, such as organizing work schedules and maintaining patient records. An RTL may perform or specialize in mammography, computed tomography, or magnetic resonance imaging. Depending on the institution, RTs and RTLs may require on-call, evening, or weekend availability.

Similarly, sonographers also assist physicians with data images designed to identify issues with internal organs using noninvasive sound waves. Sonographers may specialize in several areas, including women's health, vascular technology, or echocardiography. Sonographers may work in hospitals, medical clinics, or private practice.

Educational Requirements of a Radiographer

The journey to becoming a radiographer often begins in high school with preparatory classes in math and science. Associate's degrees or certificate programs are typically the minimum requirement for an entry-level position in the field. Several schools offer radiography programs, with courses in physiology, anatomy, and safe practices in radiological imaging. Those seeking a bachelor's degree may also find many schools with radiography and sonography majors. Regardless of the degree or educational level, most programs include exposure to the field through clinical practicums and rotations at affiliated medical institutions.

Licensure and Certification

Each specialization has federally regulated education standards, and many states mandate licensure for radiography professions. Testing and experience requirements vary by state. Optional certification may be obtained through several credentialing organizations, such as the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists or the American Registry of Diagnostic Medical Sonographers. While voluntary, certification may improve salary and career options. Continuing education is usually required to maintain both licensure and certification.

Employment Outlook and Salary Information

Faster than average job growth was predicted by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), from 2019-2029, for radiologic technologists. In May 2020, the BLS reported that professionals in the 90th percentile or higher earned $92,660 or more per year, whereas the bottom 10th percentile earned $42,180 or less per year.

Radiographers use x-rays, magnetic imaging resonance and ultrasound to evaluate patients and help assess and diagnose injuries and illnesses. They typically work in hospitals, clinics or doctor's offices, and hold a certificate, associate's or bachelor's degree. Employment opportunities for this professional is good, there is an estimated about 14,100 anticipated employment for 2029.

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