Hair Stylist: Employment Info & Career Requirements

Oct 20, 2021

Career Definition for a Hairstylist

Hairstylists work with customers to give them haircuts, style their hair, apply hair coloring and provide scalp treatments. Hairstylists are trained to perform manicures, pedicures and eyebrow shaping. Hairstylists give hair highlights and lowlights, advise clients about hair care techniques and help to sell salon products to clients. Hairstylists can enjoy careers in the entertainment industry, at salons, spas and cosmetology schools, or as freelance stylists.

Education Associate's degree in cosmetology
Job Skills Communication and listening skills, marketing and sales ability, adaptability
Median Salary (2019)* $26,090
Job Outlook (2019-2019)* -2% growth

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Education Requirements

Hairstylists usually need a high school diploma or GED to apply to cosmetology school and typically graduate in 9 months to a year with an associate's degree in cosmetology. Most states require hairstylists to be licensed. In some states, a license is a one-time exam or application, while others require continuing education credits or periodic re-certification. Hairstylists typically take courses like shampooing, coloring, hair care, hair design and styling. Hairstylists continue their education throughout their careers to stay current with technology and hairstyling trends.

Required Skills

Hairstylists need to be good listeners to fulfill the needs of the client. Sales skills are helpful as well because salons often make a profit from the hair care products they sell. The ability to adapt to changing situations is important due to the variety of clients and their needs. Business and marketing skills are vital for hairstylists interested in opening their own salon or barbershop.

Employment and Salary Outlook

Hairstylists were expected to see a decline in jobs of 2% from 2019-2029, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The BLS predicted that the rising demand for advanced hair treatments should fuel the growth of these positions. Full-time hairstylists, hairdressers and cosmetologists earned a median yearly wage of $26,090 in 2019, according to the BLS, but many hairstylists are self-employed or work part-time, so actual wages can vary widely.

Alternate Career Options

Similar career options within this field include:

Skincare Specialist

These specialists complete esthetician or cosmetology programs and then pass state licensure exams to fulfill most state's requirements. Skincare specialists evaluate clients' skin, discuss treatments, remove unwanted facial hair, teach makeup techniques and recommend skincare products. In 2019, a median annual salary of $34,090 was reported by the BLS, and faster-than-average job growth of 17% was expected during the 2019-2029 decade.

Manicurist and Pedicurist

Through completion of a cosmetology or nail technician program and earning state licensure required in most states, these professionals clean and shape clients' toenails and fingernails. Faster-than-average employment growth of 19% was projected by the BLS for 2019-2029. A median wage of $25,770 per year was reported for 2019.

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