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Civil Engineering: Requirements for Becoming a Civil Engineer

Oct 20, 2021

Civil engineering requirements include a significant amount of formal education. Learn more about education and training programs, as well as job duties and licensing, to determine if this is the right career for you.

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Civil Engineering Requirements & Essential Info

Civil engineers work on construction, renovation, and rebuilding projects. They often work alongside architects, technologists, and other industry professionals. Engineers may alternate time between working in an office and visiting sites. Duties may range from reviewing government regulations and city ordinances to designing highways. Civil engineers should have leadership skills, organizational skills, math abilities, problem-solving skills, and also be effective writers and speakers. Although associate's degrees in civil engineering are available, a bachelor's degree from an accredited program is the minimum requirement for most civil engineering jobs, and these engineers often need to earn professional engineer licensure.

Degree Level Bachelor's degree
Degree Field(s) Civil engineering or related field
Licensure/Certification State licensure required and requirements vary by state
Projected Job Growth (2016-2026)* 11% growth
Median Annual Salary (May 2018)* $86,640

Source:*U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

How to Become a Civil Engineer

Civil Engineering Courses and Education

Aspiring civil engineers may look to the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) for a list of approved programs, as schools with this voluntary certification have been assessed and meet quality standards for the profession. High school students may consider advanced courses in mathematics, such as calculus and trigonometry, to prepare for college.

Aspiring civil engineers generally begin their college careers by enrolling in chemistry, physics, and advanced mathematics courses. Some programs may include classes in computer-aided design (CAD) as part of the core requirements. Additionally, students may take courses in engineering statistics in order to develop their computational skills. Pre-major courses may also cover fundamental engineering principles and concepts.

Civil Engineering Majors

After completing core course requirements, civil engineering students delve into advanced topics such as thermodynamics, structural analysis, statistics, and engineering mechanics and systems. Courses may include the completion of a design project, in which students assess structural integrity of materials. This may require the use of CAD programs to test their designs.

Along with classroom learning, most programs generally require students to complete laboratory courses and hands-on work in the field, in which they might analyze substances ranging from soil to concrete. These courses help students identify basic properties of materials, as well as potential problems from using them.

Licensing Requirements

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), civil engineers who provide their services to the public must complete professional engineer (PE) state licensing requirements. Requirements vary by state, but generally include accruing four years of work experience and completing two exams administered by the National Council of Examiners for Engineers and Surveyors.

Civil Engineering Job Outlook & Salary

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics notes that most states have implemented mandatory continuing education requirements to maintain a license. Credit may be given for attending seminars, participating in workshops, and completing online classes. According to the BLS, civil engineers can expect an 11% increase in jobs between 2016 and 2026. It was reported that the median annual salary for civil engineers was $86,640 in May 2018.

Civil engineers are responsible for designing, constructing, and overseeing projects involving buildings, roads, bridges, and other structures.

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